Close-Range Power Type (近距離パワー型,Kinkyori Pawā Gata)
These Stands are known for being able to inflict powerful and/or swift attacks or deal close-range effects, with Destructive Power and Speed normally ranking between A-C. However, they are only able to move small distances from their users and/or have short-range attacks or effect radius. These Stands will generally obey their users' will.
Long-Distance Manipulate Type (遠隔操作型,Engaku Sōsaku Gata)
Also known as a Remote Control Stand. They follow their users' will and are capable of long-range movement. These Stands normally have ranged attacks and/or attack from distances as far as being measured in kilometers, which is why most Stands of this type are typically ranked A or B in Range. On the other hand, they generally sport lower Destructive Power compared to Close-Range Stands.
Far Distance Autopilot Type (遠隔自動操縦型,Enkaku Jidō Sōjū-gata)
Stands that act on their own. They follow a simple objective without being directly ordered by their Users, though they can be preset to follow orders before they are activated. Said users do not have to be present for the Stands to do anything, as these Stands have a range that is close to infinite, with no diminish in power relative to the distance from their user. The user will not receive any damage if the Stand takes any damage (in most cases). As an offset, automated Stands often lack precision and complex cognitive ability, and are clumsy compared to normal Stands.
There are a few Stands where range has very little to do with how they function. Some Integrated Type ( 一体化型 Ittaika-gata ) Stands are applicable here, as well as Stands with space time-related abilities where range simply doesn't exist.
Stands are modeled after creatures found typically in nature and are the most common type of Stand. This includes Human Type (人間型,Ningen-gata) Stands, which feature limbs similar to a human being. As such, Stands of this type will commonly activate their abilities or inflict damage via direct contact.
Substance Assimilation Type (物質同化型,Busshitsu Dōka-gata)
Substance Assimilation type, or Bound Stands, are bound to material objects, such as vehicles or dolls. Said Stands, if bound to fluid objects, may even be intangible. These Stands can be seen by ordinary humans. Although most of them vary in terms of statistics, they commonly have medium-to-no Development Potential due to these Stands only being able to manipulate the object they are bound to. They typically rank A in Durability, because they often do not take damage themselves, sometimes even having self regenerating ability; or because their ability is always active, being bound to objects.
Stands comprised of multiple units, each able to function entirely on its own. The entirety of the colony constitutes a single Stand, and as a result, attack power is divided. Similarly, damage to the user is proportional to the population size of the Stand; the higher amount of units, the less damage is transferred when a unit is damaged.
List of Colony Stands
Bad Company (Army of miniature soldiers, tanks and planes)
Stands that take the form of an object, used as a weapon, it is up to the User to directly wield/hold them. They may look like Bound Stands but it is the User that calls them, and they aren’t visible to non-Stand Users. Damaging them will not wound the User. They have high Durability and low Development Potential for the same reasons as Bound Stands.
Stands cover their user like armor, defending them along with the use of their abilities. Because they are bound to their user, their Range is often short, though depending on the Stand they may be able to use projectiles, among other long-ranged attacks.
Throughout the series, various methods are introduced for altering a Stand's base form. A select few number of Stands have the inherent ability to undergo metamorphosis and evolve naturally, becoming stronger and allowing their user to unlock various forms of the same Stand, referred to as "ACTs". The Arrow is also known for its ability of further unlocking the potential of a Stand, its effects seemingly determined by whether or not the User or Stand is targeted. A Stand User may also obtain a new Stand through a process described in DIO's Diary as a way to "achieve Heaven".
Some Stands cannot be controlled by their Users and are instead controlled by other sources instead or have a personality completely independent of its user. As an obvious result, these Stands do not follow their masters' orders.
Stands capable of existing long after their User's death, enabling them to act on their own free will. Due to their nature, Dead Stands are automatic-based and as such, range or damage to their user is irrelevant.
In the event of two Stand users becoming one being, like in the case with Josuke Higashikata, their Stands will fuse together. The user's new Stand will acquire a new ability or aspect, which is usually a combination of the two original Stand abilities.